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CULTIVATION

  In Karnataka, Arecanut is cultivated as a garden crop whereas, in Kerala, except in Kasargod and Cannanore Districts it is grown in almost all the tracts of land near to the paddy fields or near to the coconut gardens. But, recently due to dependable price of Arecanut, Scientific farming is done in Kerala, Karnataka and Assam States. Further large scale expansion of Arecanut farming is also taking place in non-traditional areas. Adequate and regular supply of plant nutrients are essential for proper growth and yield of Arecanut.

  Arecanut palm thrives well in heavy rainfall area with well marked dry season. Because of the high rainfall, the soil severely leached and eroded as as a result, the soil becomes very poor in plant nutrients. Thus for Arecanut Plantation, judicious application of fertilizer and organic manures is necessary as the tree cannot withstand water logging.


PROCESSING

  There are two varieties of Arecanut, called white Supari and Red Supari. White variety supari is prepared by harvesting fully ripe Arecanut and by Sun drying for 40 to 50 days. After drying the nut, the shell of the nut has to be removed by hand/machine. The nut derived from this dried fruit is called Arecanut/Supari/Betelnut. Red variety Supari is prepared by harvesting the tender (green) Arecanut and peeling the husk. The nut derived by peeling the tender nut, are processed as per the variety required (i.e., wholenut, two pieces, 8pieces, etc) boiled in water and then Sun dried. The white variety i.e.,Chali variety of Areca is mainly grown in South Kanara, North Kanara of Karnataka State and northern parts of Kerala. The red variety of Arecanut is mainly produced in Shimoga, Chickmangalur, North Kanara, Chitradurga, Tumkur Districts of Karnataka. Trivandrum, Quilon, Alleppy, Kottayam, Ernakulam, Trichur, Waynad Districts of kerala. The Arecanut or Supari, what we call as Bazar stock, will have to be graded into several varieties to suit the consumer taste. The Bazar stock received is first garbled by hand picking and classified into different varieties like Mora, Moti, Vachras, Jamnagar, Jini, Lindi, etc.. Other varieties like fators are classified and cutting items are also prepared. Each variety has got its own market and is consumed by people from different part of India and outside. The cutting items are called as Fadcha, Tukada, Choora, Choori, Dagi nuts is done to mechanical Classifiers.

  In Kerala State also Red Supari is prepared by dehusking the tendernut, boiling, Coloring, drying as mentioned above, in some cases wholenuts and some cases making them into slices and then boiling etc. The main varieties are called as Edi, Nayam, Iylon, Vellavichuru, Kalichuru, Iylon Veruvu, etc. In some parts of Tumkur District, a variety called Podi, Podi Bette, Churu, Churu Bette is prepared by cutting the tender nuts into 8 pieces and boiling , drying, etc.

MARKETING

  The Arecanut/Supari/Betelnut so purchased in various Branches are brought to main centers. Here it is garbled/graded and processed as per the requirement of the consuming markets. CAMPCO has appointed Selling Representatives(S.R's) for marketing its supari. These representatives canvass for CAMPCO supari and place orders and arrange the supply of supari to their customers and arrange the payments to CAMPCO. The goods are despatched through CAMPCO approved transporters by holding security deposits of both the transporters and S.R’s.

  CAMPCO has opened Sales Depots at Bombay, Ahmedadad, Indore, Jaipur, Delhi, Nagpur, Patna, Calcutta, Cuttack, Bangalore, Rajkot, and Chennai and caters to the requirement of the local customers, in the respective States. The customers can also directly contact the Branches for supari and their requirement will be met without the middlemen. There are about 1000 varieties of supari marketed by Campco.

  Arecanut also called as 'supari' is available in different varieties and Categorized by grades SS, S, JJ, J

1. MORA
2. MOTI
3. SEVARDHAN
4. JAMNAGAR
5. JEENI
6. LINDI
7. JAHAJI

  CAMPCO has Sales Depots at Bombay, Ahmedadad, Indore, Jaipur, Delhi, Nagpur, Patna, Calcutta, Cuttack, Bangalore, Rajkot, and Chennai and caters to the requirement of the local customers.The customers can also directly contact the Branches for supari and other requirement will be met without the middlemen. There are about 1000 varieties in CAMPCO brand supari.

Arecanut Samples

WORLD AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY

YEARAREA('000ha)PRODUCTION ('000 tonnes)PRODUCTIVITY (kg/ha)
1995437.32552.461263
1996451.37566.241254
1997456.01562.211233
1998468.32593.201267
1999516.93645.151248
2000549.20646.481177
2001596.58707.861187
2002628.45740.091178
2003653.97762.691166
2004674.34794.521178
2005691.3819.761186
2006702.89854.221215

Source:Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome

COUNTRYWISE AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY

  2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
COUNTRY Area Prodn. Yield Area Prodn. Yield Area Prodn. Yield Area Prodn. Yield Area Prodn. Yield Area Prodn. Yield Area Prodn. Yield
India 289.00 334.40 1157 315.20 373.10 1184 340.90 403.10 1182 354.26 415.88 1174 365.04 439.15 1203 374.06 456.34 1220 381.10 483.14 1268
Indonesia 82.60 37.60 455 102.02 45.59 447 107.20 42.31 395 118.78 46.80 394 115.83 44.00 380 122.71 50.18 409 124.96 51.88 415
China 51.62 166.98 3235 51.03 165.08 3235 51.20 162.25 3169 50.79 159.58 3142 50.06 143.37 2864 50.10 144.00 2874 52.00 150.00 2885
Bangladesh 77.00 45.00 584 77.80 47.00 604 77.30 51.00 660 77.30 55.00 712 77.70 55.00 708 77.70 55.00 708 78.00 55.00 705
Mynamar 33.95 39.10 1152 34.98 51.46 1471 35.00 55.00 1571 36.00 57.00 1583 36.00 57.00 1583 36.00 57.00 1583 36.00 57.00 1583
Thailand 13.00 20.00 1538 14.00 23.00 1643 16.00 25.00 1563 16.00 27.00 1688 16.00 27.00 1688 16.00 27.00 1688 16.00 27.00 1688
Malaysia 2.00 3.30 1650 1.50 2.50 1667 0.80 1.30 1625 0.80 1.30 1625 0.80 1.30 1625 0.80 1.30 1625 0.80 1.30 1625
Maldives 0.03 0.01 467 0.05 0.04 740 0.05 0.04 740 0.05 0.04 745 0.05 0.01 216 0.05 0.05 1020 0.04 0.33 8325
Nepal                         1.97 3.77 1909 2.00 3.82 1909 2.02 3.86 1909
Sri Lanka                         10.88 23.83 2190 11.72 24.99 2132 11.97 24.61 2056
Kenya   0.09     0.09     0.09     0.09     0.09     0.09     0.09  
WORLD 549.20 646.48 1177 596.58 707.86 1187 628.45 740.09 1178 653.97 762.69 1166 674.34 794.52 1178 691.13 819.76 1186 702.89 854.22 1215

Sources:Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development,(DASD) Calicut & Food and Agriculture Organisation(FAO), Rome

DISTRICTWISE AREA AND PRODUCTION IN KARNATAKA

  1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05
DISTRICT AREA PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes)
BAGALKOTE 4 6 4 6 4 6 6 0 6 8 2 3
BANGALORE-URBAN 81 113 81 113 81 113 49 69 216 302 233 326
BANGALORE-RURAL 500 699 514 719 1828 2557 1904 2663 1998 2795 1975 2763
BELGAUM                 2 3 8 11
BELLARY 12 17 19 27 26 37 30 43 30 43 32 46
CHAMARAJNAGAR 174 124 329 234 279 198 279 198 309 219 309 219
CHIKMANGALUR 13506 15470 14186 16249 15796 18093 15910 18224 16347 18724 16616 19032
CHITRADURGA 8001 7707 9827 9466 12153 11707 13452 12958 14366 13838 14498 13965
DAKSHINA KANNADA 23602 42105 25447 45397 25578 45631 27070 48292 27092 48332 27209 48540
DAVANAGARE 13860 13351 14476 13944 19487 18771 20922 20154 21235 20455 22015 21206
DHARWAD 10 14 17 24 10 14 10 14 8 11 11 15
GADAG                 2 3 3 4
HASSAN 1825 1783 1922 1878 2128 2079 3171 3098 3193 3120 3483 3403
HAVERI 239 334 360 503 507 708 721 1007 634 886 717 1002
KODAGU 1171 1638 1198 1676 1230 1721 1332 1863 1344 1880 1386 1939
KOLAR 111 155 86 120 81 113 72 101 67 94 54 76
MANDAYA 681 952 700 979 732 1023 804 1124 816 1141 879 1229
MYSORE 503 357 400 284 798 566 679 482 645 458 676 480
SHIMOGA 21105 31759 23927 36005 26359 39665 26725 40216 28039 42193 29150 43865
TUMKUR 8209 10069 10428 12791 12628 15490 14226 17450 15459 18962 16197 19867
UDUPI 3834 6840 4012 7157 4877 8700 4930 8795 4954 8838 5019 8954
UTTARAKANNADA 9998 13590 11160 15169 11483 15608 11824 16072 12177 16552 12287 16701
TOTAL 107426 147083 119093 162741 136065 182800 144116 192823 148939 198857 152759 203646

ALL INDIA AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF ARECANUT

  1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
DISTRICT AREA PROD.  AREA PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD.
   (HA) (TONNES)  (HA) (TONNES)  (HA)  TONNES) (HA)  TONNES) (HA) (TONNES) (HA) (TONNES) (HA) (TONNES) (HA) (TONNES)
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 827 455 904 467 1104 538 1106 493 1216 520 1220 491 1263 547 1249 690
KOLLAM 1941 1593 2235 1442 2442 1144 2382 1321 2502 1710 2322 1380 2525 1392 2485 1794
PATHANAMTHITTA 1146 923 1213 1105 1269 1071 1345 1071 1343 1317 1488 1289 1467 1216 1462 1637
ALAPUZHA 2067 766 2308 1043 2205 917 2389 792 2441 1016 2416 978 2376 1006 2353 950
KOTTAYAM 1130 816 1215 671 1443 808 1587 725 1767 1085 1952 1259 2109 1257 2081 1201
IDDUKI 2899 2792 3348 3312 3682 3805 3942 3432 4096 3846 3831 3635 4054 4351 4009 4669
ERNAKULAM 36047 1941 3964 2661 4238 3349 4662 3607 4886 3728 5275 3813 5679 4245 5644 6050
THRISSUR 5450 5750 6355 6109 7099 6281 7179 6584 7526 6903 8052 7267 8071 7730 8116 10661
PALAKKAD 3767 1921 3786 2320 4241 2859 4026 4007 4936 5706 5963 6615 6464 6248 6466 6290
MALAPPURAM 14190 9823 15894 11934 16123 9909 17735 11085 19622 17527 20476 15986 19979 17150 20022 15623
KOZHIKODE 8970 11528 10139 13314 10692 15285 11189 12830 10584 15584 11499 14316 12173 13042 12478 14522
WAYANAD 4456 1478 5212 1736 6033 2699 6636 2682 7201 3237 8689 4192 10204 5711 10499 6035
KANNUR 12360 10794 12630 12191 13274 12923 14436 14237 14182 14737 13489 14692 13776 14743 14104 16486
KASARGOD 10832 17899 12738 25032 13515 26359 14579 21813 15183 30363 15832 29577 17432 31702 17622 32701
STATE 73639 68478 81941 83337 87360 87947 93193 84679 97485 107279 102504 105490 107572 110340 108590 119309

STATEWISE AREA AND PRODUCTION OF ARECANUT IN INDIA (AREA :’000 HECTARES,PRODUCTION :’000 TONNES (Area:'000ha,Production:'000 tonnes, Yield:kg/ha)

  1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02      2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09((Tentative)
STATE AREA PRODN. AREA PRODN. YIELD AREA PRODN YIELD AREA PRODN YIELD AREA PRODN YIELD AREA PRODN YIELD AREA PRODN. YIELD AREA PRODN. YIELD AREA PRODN. YIELD AREA PRODN. YIELD AREA PRODN. YIELD AREA PRODN. YIELD
ANDRA PRADESH 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 1500 0.2 0.2 1000 0.3 0.7 2333 0.3 0.4 1333 0.3 0.2 667 0.3 0.2 667 0.3 0.1 333 0.3 0.2 667 0.0 0.0 690 0.3 0.2 754 0.25 0.2 754
ASSAM 73.8 56.7 74.5 55.4 744 73.5 52.9 720 73.2 68.3 933 73.2 69.7 952 73.7 51.6 700 74 69 932 74.0 69.0 932 71.2 66.8 938 71.0 65.0 915 70.3 68.1 969 69.97 62.7 896
GOA 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.8 1200 1.6 1.9 1188 1.6 2.5 1563 1.6 3.5 2188 1.6 2.5 1563 1.6 2.7 1688 1.6 2.5 1563 1.6 2.6 1625 1.7 2.6 1529 1.7 2.6 1529 1.85 2.8 1503
KARNATAKA 93.1 133.3 98 134.8 1376 107.4 147.1 1370 119.1 162.7 1366 136.1 182.8 1343 144.1 192.8 1338 148.9 198.9 1335 153.0 203.9 1333 161.6 215.7 1335 168.4 224.0 1333 174.4 231.7 1329 168.00 224.0 1333
KERALA 76.1 94 73.6 68.5 931 76.1 80.1 1053 87.4 87.9 1006 93.2 84.7 909 97.5 107.3 1101 102.5 105.5 1029 107.6 110.3 1026 108.6 119.3 1099 102.1 110.0 1077 99.8 114.7 1149 101.73 116.9 1149
MAHARASTRA 1.9 7.5 1.9 7.5 3947 2.1 4.2 2000 2.2 4.4 2000 2 7 3500 2 4 2000 2 5 2500 2.0 5.0 2500 2.0 5 2500 2.3 3.6 1565 2.2 3.6 1626 2.20 3.6 1626
MEGHALAYA 9.5 12.1 9.6 11.6 1208 9.7 12.6 1299 11.2 13.7 1223 11.1 14.1 1270 11.2 14.2 1268 11.2 14.2 1268 11.2 14.2 1261 11.5 15.5 1350 12.0 16.6 1383 12.1 16.5 1361 12.36 17.1 1384
MIZORAM 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.2 167 0.9 0.6 667 1 1.8 1800 1.3 5.6 4308 1.7 5.7 3353 2 5.3 2650 2.0 5.3 2650 2.0 5.3 2650 2.0 5.3 2650 2.0 5.3 2650 6.58 8.2 1248
NAGALAND                       0.1 1.3 13000 0.2 1.3 6500 0.2 1.3 6500 0.2 1.3 6500 0.2 1.3 6500 0.2 1.3 6500 0.2 1.3 6500 0.20 1.3 6500
TAMILNADU 2.8 5.7 2.8 6.3 2250 3.3 10.6 3212 3.7 4.8 1297 4.8 4.8 1000 5 5.3 1060 5.2 4.9 942 5.1 7.9 1549 4.8 10.3 2146 5.5 11.9 2164 5.6 11.7 2114 5.03 10.4 2067
TRIPURA 2.3 4.2 2.3 4.2 1826 2.4 4.9 2042 3.2 6.8 2125 3.4 6.9 2029 3.4 6.9 2029 3.4 6.9 2029 3.4 6.9 2029 3.4 6.9 2029 3.4 6.9 2029 3.4 6.9 2029 4.43 8.4 1886
WEST BENGAL 8.1 12.4 8.2 13.7 1671 7.7 13.1 1701 7.8 12.2 1564 9.3 14.9 1602 9.1 16.6 1824 9.2 18.5 2011 9.4 25.3 2690 9.4 29.3 3117 24.4 106.1 4348 9.0 22.0 2444 11.39 21.2 1857
ANDAMAN NICOBAR  3.6 5.2 3.6 5.5 1528 4 6.1 1525 4.4 7.2 1636 4.4 7.3 1659 4.4 7.4 1682 4.4 6.7 1523 4.4 4.8 1091 4.4 4.8 1091 4.1 5.8 1415 4.1 5.7 1400 4.10 6.0 1463
PONDICHERRY 0.1 Neg. 0.1 Neg.   0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1000 0.1 0.1 1306 0.06 0.1 1306
ALL INDIA 273.6 333.5 277.5 309.8 1116 289 334.4 1157 315.2 373.1 1184 340.9 403.1 1182 354.3 415.9 1174 365 439.2 1203 374.1 456.3 1220 381.1 483.1 1268 396.8 559.2 1409 385.0 490.3 1274 388.15 482.7 1244

SOURCE:- DIRECTORATE OF ECONOMICS & STATISTICS,NEW DELHI.

DISTRICTWISE AREA AND PRODUCTION IN KARNATAKA

  1998-99 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
DISTRICT AREA PROD.  AREA PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD. AREA  PROD.
   (HA) (TONNES)  (HA) (TONNES)  (HA)  TONNES) (HA)  TONNES) (HA) (TONNES) (HA) (TONNES) (HA) (TONNES) (HA) (TONNES)
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 827 455 904 467 1104 538 1106 493 1216 520 1220 491 1263 547 1249 690
KOLLAM 1941 1593 2235 1442 2442 1144 2382 1321 2502 1710 2322 1380 2525 1392 2485 1794
PATHANAMTHITTA 1146 923 1213 1105 1269 1071 1345 1071 1343 1317 1488 1289 1467 1216 1462 1637
ALAPUZHA 2067 766 2308 1043 2205 917 2389 792 2441 1016 2416 978 2376 1006 2353 950
KOTTAYAM 1130 816 1215 671 1443 808 1587 725 1767 1085 1952 1259 2109 1257 2081 1201
IDDUKI 2899 2792 3348 3312 3682 3805 3942 3432 4096 3846 3831 3635 4054 4351 4009 4669
ERNAKULAM 36047 1941 3964 2661 4238 3349 4662 3607 4886 3728 5275 3813 5679 4245 5644 6050
THRISSUR 5450 5750 6355 6109 7099 6281 7179 6584 7526 6903 8052 7267 8071 7730 8116 10661
PALAKKAD 3767 1921 3786 2320 4241 2859 4026 4007 4936 5706 5963 6615 6464 6248 6466 6290
MALAPPURAM 14190 9823 15894 11934 16123 9909 17735 11085 19622 17527 20476 15986 19979 17150 20022 15623
KOZHIKODE 8970 11528 10139 13314 10692 15285 11189 12830 10584 15584 11499 14316 12173 13042 12478 14522
WAYANAD 4456 1478 5212 1736 6033 2699 6636 2682 7201 3237 8689 4192 10204 5711 10499 6035
KANNUR 12360 10794 12630 12191 13274 12923 14436 14182 14737 13489 14692 13776 14743 14104 16486
KASARGOD 10832 17899 12738 25032 13515 26359 14579 21813 15183 30363 15832 29577 17432 31702 17622 32701
STATE 73639 68478 81941 83337 87360 87947 93193 84679 97485 107279 102504 105490 107572 110340 108590 119309

Source: Department Of Economics And Statistics, Government Of Kerala.

DISTRICTWISE AREA AND PRODUCTION IN KARNATAKA

  1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05
DISTRICT AREA PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes) AREA  PROD (tonnes)
BAGALKOTE 4 6 4 6 4 6 6 0 6 8 2 3
BANGALORE-URBAN 81 113 81 113 81 113 49 69 216 302 233 326
BANGALORE-RURAL 500 699 514 719 1828 2557 1904 2663 1998 2795 1975 2763
BELGAUM                 2 3 8 11
BELLARY 12 17 19 27 26 37 30 43 30 43 32 46
CHAMARAJNAGAR 174 124 329 234 279 198 279 198 309 219 309 219
CHIKMANGALUR 13506 15470 14186 16249 15796 18093 15910 18224 16347 18724 16616 19032
CHITRADURGA 8001 7707 9827 9466 12153 11707 13452 12958 14366 13838 14498 13965
DAKSHINA KANNADA 23602 42105 25447 45397 25578 45631 27070 48292 27092 48332 27209 48540
DAVANAGARE 13860 13351 14476 13944 19487 18771 20922 20154 21235 20455 22015 21206
DHARWAD 10 14 17 24 10 14 10 14 8 11 11 15
GADAG                 2 3 3 4
HASSAN 1825 1783 1922 1878 2128 2079 3171 3098 3193 3120 3483 3403
HAVERI 239 334 360 503 507 708 721 1007 634 886 717 1002
KODAGU 1171 1638 1198 1676 1230 1721 1332 1863 1344 1880 1386 1939
KOLAR 111 155 86 120 81 113 72 101 67 94 54 76
MANDAYA 681 952 700 979 732 1023 804 1124 816 1141 879 1229
MYSORE 503 357 400 284 798 566 679 482 645 458 676 480
SHIMOGA 21105 31759 23927 36005 26359 39665 26725 40216 28039 42193 29150 43865
TUMKUR 8209 10069 10428 12791 12628 15490 14226 17450 15459 18962 16197 19867
UDUPI 3834 6840 4012 7157 4877 8700 4930 8795 4954 8838 5019 8954
UTTARAKANNADA 9998 13590 11160 15169 11483 15608 11824 16072 12177 16552 12287 16701
TOTAL 107426 147083 119093 162741 136065 182800 144116 192823 148939 198857 152759 203646

Source:Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Karnataka

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